Adansonia madagascariensis: A Care Guide

Adansonia madagascariens is an endemic species of baobabs from Madagascar, characterized by having deciduous leaves and growing in Madagascar’s dry forests.

Adansonia madagascariensis is a tree that can measure between 5 to 25 meters in height. 

The leaves are palmate with 5 to 7 leaflets and petioles, which are 6 to 7 cm long. 

The leaves of this tree are between 9 to 10 cm long and 3 to 4 cm wide.

The flowers of Adansonia madagascariensis are upright. It also has bands like sepals 18 centimeters long and 1 to 1.7 cm wide.

The flowering period of Adansonia madagascariensis is between the months of February and April. 

The fruits are spherical to ovoid and contain laterally flattened kidney-shaped seeds.

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Adansonia Madagascariens Care

Follow these steps, and you won’t have any issue with the care of your succulent plant.

Illumination

You can have your Adansonia madagascariensis in direct sun or semi-shade.

If the plant is in a pot, the ideal is to protect it from direct sun in times of high heat.

Substratum

Adansonia madagascariensis grows well in calcareous, alkaline, or neutral soils, as long as the ingredients that make up the substrate are of good quality, as this guarantees healthy growth.

Apart from having a good quality substrate, the soil you choose for your plant must have good drainage and favor water evaporation.

This way, we will prevent the plant from staying wet for a long time, and that in turn, this helps prevent the production of fungi.

Propagation

You can propagate your Adansonia madagascariensis through cuttings or seeds.

Propagation by seed:

1. Soak the seeds in hot water for 24 hours.

2. Make a seedbed or pot with 50% universal substrate and 50% mulch.

3. After 24 hours, sow the seeds and cover them with a light layer of soil.

4. Keep the substrate slightly damp, avoiding puddles of water.

5. Place the seeds where they receive the heat of the sun but not in direct sun. Try to keep the temperature between 15ºC and 19ºC; it can never be lower than 10ºC.

6. When the plant measures about 7.5 cm you can transplant it to its final pot or sow it directly in the garden. At this point, you can water the plant like an adult tree.

Propagation by cutting:

Cut off a branch with some leaves and soak the tip with a root.

Plant the cutting in a well-drained substrate. Just insert half of the branch.

Keep the growing medium slightly moist, and occasionally add a small amount of root after you’ve watered the plant.

Transplant your Adansonia madagascariensis when it no longer fits in the pot.

Watering

The Adansonia requires moderate watering. In summer, you can water your plant 2 or 3 times a week; you just have to wait for the substrate to dry.

While in the fall, waters only once a week and in winter every 15 days.

Remember that this plant has the ability to store water in its trunk, which it can use in a time of drought.

Pests or diseases

Adansonia madagascariensis must be cared for very well since the plant can easily suffer from pests and external infections.

Fertilization

The fertilizer should be low in phosphates. Add the fertilizer once a month during spring and summer, after having watered the plant.

Temperature

Adansonia madagascariensis does not tolerate very cold temperatures. 

If you want to have it outdoors, the best thing is that the temperatures do not drop below -1 ºC.

Transplant

The transplant is only necessary if you have the plant planted in a pot; if you have it directly in the garden, you do not have to transplant.

The time to transplant your Adansonia madagascariensis is when you notice that your plant no longer has room to continue growing in the pot, especially if the roots are sticking out of the drainage hole.

Pruning

It is not necessary to prune because its leaves fall off. 

You can remove the leaves and flowers that are already wilted to prevent pests from attacking the plant.

Toxicity

This plant is not toxic.