Agave victoriae-reginae “Queen Victoria Agave,” “Royal Agave”

Agave victoriae-reginae is a succulent plant of the Asparagaceae family (formerly Agavaceae) very popular in collections around the world for its colorful appearance. 

This plant is native to Mexico and is in serious danger of extinction due to the intensive extraction of specimens from its natural habitat for profit (it is a rather expensive species).

The main attraction of the species lies in its rosette of leaves.

The rosette is usually quite small compared to other plants of the genus (+/- 60 cm in diameter). 

The leaves are small and form a very compact and attractive rosette. 

These are curves and always head towards the center of the rosette. 

The accumulation of water in the leaves can be affirmed by its conspicuous thickness.

The predominant color is dark green with numerous whitish lines that run both the beam and the underside. 

The white lines mentioned above cause an optical illusion where the leaves appear to have a prism shape. 

All leaves end in a thick, brown thorn. 

The entire region where the spine arises is always white.

The flowers appear when the plant is quite large and is approximately 3-5 years old. 

Flowering begins with the formation of a floral wand that can measure up to 3 meters.

In this wand the flowers are arranged (in their terminal region). 

The flowers are white-yellow. 

After the plant blooms and produces enough seeds, it dies; This species only blooms once in its life.

Tips to take care of the Agave victoriae-reginae “Queen Victoria Agave,” “Royal Agave”

Queen Victoria’s Agave is very easy to maintain in the garden if you have high temperatures throughout the year. 

Here I leave your fundamental care:


It develops optimally if grown in full sun. 

It can survive in brightly lit interiors. The summer sun does not harm him at all.


Always high temperatures although it grows well in cool temperatures. 

Never expose it to frost because they are deadly to her. 

The optimum temperature range is between 25-35 ° C.


It must grow on a very permeable and porous substrate. 

It is recommended to use quality substrate prepared for cacti and non-cacti succulents.

The mixture for those who do not have access to this substrate should consist of 1/3 of gravel, 1/3 of soil and 1/3 of coarse sand.

Queen Victoria’s Agave (Agave victoriae-reginae) in a xerophilous garden

Irrigation Frequency

Water once a week or every 15 days depending on the ambient temperatures and the season of the year. 

Avoid waterlogging and excessive watering because it rots.

Plagues and diseases

Resistant to pests although it can be attacked by mealybugs and aphids. 

The main pathology that damages this species is root rot due to intense cold and / or prolonged humidity.


For seeds that it produces when the flowers bear fruit.


This crass plant of Mexican origin receives its name in honor of Queen Victoria of England.

It is a small agave (usually not more than 50 cm in diameter) and slow growth very appropriate to grow in a pot.

Queen Victoria’s Agave forms a very elegant rosette with dark green leaves with white streaks. 

It has the peculiarity that it dies after flowering.

You need a very sunny exposure. It supports frost but dry, that is, it must not have water in the rosette.

The soil should be a mixture of leaf and sand humus with 1/4 of garden soil.

Queen Victoria’s Agave needs weekly watering in summer and almost zero in winter, as it remains at rest.

It is not usually attacked by pests and diseases typical of gardens.

Queen Victoria’s Agave can be multiplied by seeds that we will collect from the plant itself after flowering or by propagule (Structure that serves for the vegetative reproduction of an organism.)