Aloe Ferox “Cape Aloe”

Aloe Ferox ‘Cape Aloe’ is an endemic plant in South Africa, in which it grows naturally on dry, rocky places and thickets.

Aloe ferox is born from a simple, green stem, it is slow-growing, but it has the best growing conditions to reach 2 meters in height.

The appearance is similar to that of Aloe vera, with fleshy leaves that can reach a meter in length and with pointed teeth on both sides.

The curious thing about Aloe Ferox “Cape Aloe” is the orange inflorescences that bloom visibly and are visible from distance.

 Its common name is “cape aloe” comes from its leaves’ teeth and the damage it can cause if we brush against them.

The flowers bloom in the fall. 

They are tubular of a very striking reddish color and grow in clusters of inflorescences that can reach a meter high.

You may like: Aloe Buhrii ‘Spotted Aloe’

Aloe Ferox “Cape Aloe” Care:

Aloe ferox is suitable for beginners. They are drought resistant plants and do not require special care.

If you follow the advice that I will give you below, I assure you that your Aloe Ferox will grow well.

Substratum

Aloe Ferox is not demanding on soils, but it must have good drainage.

Succulents are plants that do not tolerate water stagnation and high humidity. 

This can cause fungus to form on the roots, which could end up killing the plant.

For this reason, the substrate cannot be compact soil.

So you should buy a substrate that is specific for cacti and succulents.

Or you can make the substrate yourself with a simple mix of garden soil, gravel, and perlite.

Irrigation

Aloe ferox is a desert plant and has the mechanisms to survive without any problems.

 Its thick leaves accumulate liquids to stay alive in winter without any watering. 

In the heat of the summer, don’t forget to water your plant once a week.

In winter, it is best to water every fortnight day (if the cold is not very intense). But if the temperatures are very low in the area where you live, it is best to water once a month.

Temperature

The aloe forox withstands frosts up to -4ºC / 24 °F, especially if you have your succulent in good condition, but be careful with frost rain in does cases you have to protect the plant.

Illumination

The ferocious Aloe needs exposure to full sun, but can also be in semi-shade.

The best thing is that if you want to have it inside your home, place it in a place where it receives at least 6 hours of sun.

If where you live is sunny year long, it is best to put the plant in a semi-shade area to avoid burning the leaves of the plant.

But if, on the contrary, the summer lasts very little, you can have your plant directly in the sun without any problem.

Fertilizer

Although some people mention that it is unnecessary to fertilize it, in the growing season or flowering season, it is advisable to fertilize with compost or manure.

Aloe ferox usually grows in rural and wild areas, but that does not mean that the incorporation of organic matter will not benefit the plant.

Propagation

Usually, this plant multiplies through seeds. This method will produce variations of the mother plant (genetic mix of two plants).

To do this, we select the seeds and sow them in a tray with good drainage and substrate, covering the seeds with sand.

When the seeds start to develop/geminate, keep the moistness steady without overdoing it since the seeds could rot.

Once they have reached a sufficient size for transplantation (approximately 4 cm), we transfer the small Aloe ferox seedlings to indoor pots.

This entire procedure will take close to a half year.

Plantation or transplant

The transplant must be carried out every two years and in the spring.

How to transplant succulents:

1. Remove the aloe from the pot: If the succulent is on a plastic pot, it will be very easy to do, especially if you are not going to use that pot again, what you can do is cut it.

If not, tap the sides of the pot lightly to loosen the soil and roots from its walls. You can also insert a pencil or stick through the drainage holes to loosen the soil slightly.

All this is done, so you never have to pull the plant when removing it. 

Doing so can break the roots and cause severe injuries to the plant.

2. Prepare the new pot: the new pot must have drainage holes to help the plant to remove excess water.

Put a light layer of thick stones on the bottom of the pot; all this is to help keep the drainage holes free.

A tip that I can give you is that you add some slow-release fertilizer to provide nutrients to your plant.

Also, remember that the new pot is at least 2 cm thicker than the plant. 

Try not to make the pot excessively large, as this can backfire on the plant.

3.Transplant the succulent: now is the time to transplant your plant. 

Place the plant in its new container, with the green part a couple of centimeters below the pot’s edge, and add the necessary substrate.

In the case you succulent has small babies, it is advisable to wait a few days to plant again after separating them from the mother.This is to make any possible wounds will close.

Pruning

They do not need pruning. You should only remove the leaves that are dry or burned; this will help the plant grow better and look very beautiful.

Applications

The ferocious Aloe is excellent, as it can be used to bring beauty to your gardens and spaces and treat various ailments; nothing is better than natural remedies that can be prepared at home.

Medicinal uses and properties

Cape aloe has incredible powers for health; it is all due to its active ingredient aloin.

 This has the ability to improve the digestive system, for example:

  • Improves digestion.
  • Clean the gallbladder.
  • It relieves constipation since it stimulates the muscles of the colon and facilitates evacuation.
  • It works as a laxative and purgative.
  • It balances the intestinal flora.
  • Strengthens the immune system.
  • It contains amino acids that make it a good antiviral and antibacterial.
  • It has iron and calcium, even more than aloe vera.

You can consume the juice obtained from the gel of the leaves diluted in water.

It should be noted that Cape Aloe is also considered toxic since excess aloin can irritate both internally and externally.

If you have never consumed this plant before, it is advisable to confirm with a professional.