In today’s article we talk about What kind of compost to use in a vegetable garden hope this helps.
Gardens full of fruits and vegetables are not just for gardeners with large patios and open spaces.
Most food and many fruit trees can flower in pots, transforming the smallest spaces into productive places for gardening.
Even if your yard offers plenty of planting space, potted foods offer good options.
Regardless of your level of gardening experience, be it a beginner or an experienced professional, you can grow healthy and productive food gardens in pots.
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Benefits of growing in pots
One of the biggest benefits of growing food in pots is the ability to create your own garden area in a small space, even on a balcony in the middle of the city.
You can choose pots that complement your decor, and you don’t have to limit yourself to the type of soil that exists in your garden.
With the pots, you can mix your own perfect growing medium for the plants you want to plant.
For plants like blueberries, which prefer more acidic soils, you can give them exactly what they need right from the start.
The pots also give you the peace of mind that there will be no weeds or plants around that will steal the nutrients from your crops.
You can easily move the pots so that your plants receive more or less sunlight or to extend the growing season according to the change in the position of the sun as the seasons pass.
You, too, can enjoy the delights and nutrition of home-grown foods wherever you live.
How to choose the pots
Edible crops are a category of plants for which it is almost always best to use larger pots.
For tomatoes, peppers, aubergines, and vegetables with similar fruits, larger pots, at least 12 inches (30.48 cm) or more in diameter and depth are needed to give more room for root growth.
Larger pots also help conserve moisture in the soil and keep temperatures constant, which benefits food growth.
Pots for edible crops should also provide good drainage, should have several large drainage holes so that excess water runs off smoothly. The roots of your food should never be in soggy soil.
Pots of breathable materials, such as terracotta, which is porous in nature, help maintain oxygen flow to the roots through the soil.
For tropical vegetables that prefer heat, like tomatoes, dark-colored pots absorb heat and help keep roots and soil warm.
Basic points for the care of productive edible crops in pots
Vegetables, fruits, and other potted foods require the same as outdoor crops.
It is their responsibility that they have everything they need:
Abundant light. Delicious and nutritious crops of abundant vegetables and fruits need enough light.
The minimum for most crops is six to eight hours in direct sunlight.
Generally, the more light you bring to your potted food gardens, the better your plants are so you can enjoy more fruits and vegetables at your table.
Move pots outdoors as needed when light patterns change with the seasons.
For indoor pots, place food plants near windows that receive more sunlight, or provide more light with regular lights or grow lights.
Healthy and nutritious land.
Proper use of soil and nutrients increases food production.
Potting mixes designed spatially for potting drain quickly but retain moisture.
Adding a complete, balanced fertilizer and extra organic matter, such as earthworm humus, at planting time provides a good base for potted foods.
These foods also benefit from fertilizers designed to provide the special nutrients that fruits and vegetables prefer even if they have little soil at their disposal.
Also, a fertilizer with added calcium helps prevent diseases like apical rot.
Constant water. Fat and juicy fruits and vegetables need plenty of constant water.
Variation of moisture can cause the fruit to dry, crack, or break.
Because the soil dries faster in the pots, you should be aware of humidity levels.
Over-watering can be worse than under-watering, so always check before adding more water.
Just put your index finger in the dirt and check if it feels wet and cool.
If it is dry, water until excess runs out of the drain holes. If the soil feels wet, make sure the holes aren’t covered, let it dry for a day or two, and check again.
What kind of compost to use in a vegetable garden
The best is organic. Making homemade compost is an ideal activity for the whole family, a perfect way to bring nature closer to the little ones in the house, to transmit values of responsible consumption, recycling, respect for the environment, etc.
But, in addition, preparing our own homemade compost has a delicious reward: growing fruits and vegetables with that flavor of before that now only maintain quality organic products.
Homemade compost: 3 basic ideas
Preparing our homemade compost is hardly difficult, but we must be clear about three important ideas before we start:
1. We will need a composter to grow our homemade compost, a suitable container in which to add the raw material that, little by little, will become compost. We can buy this container or, better yet, build our own by recycling and giving a second life to objects that have already completed their initial work, such as old pots, construction pallets, wooden fruit boxes, etc.
2. Our homemade compost mix will grow from different types of raw materials: eggshells, fruit and vegetable peelings, potato skins, twigs, fresh straw, wet grass, coffee grounds … The key is in combining the sugar, cellulose and nitrogen of the different organic wastes in order to prepare that organic fertilizer, which, in essence, is homemade compost.
3. The most important risk of preparing homemade compost is that the waste will rot and we will get nothing more than a shapeless and stinking dough. We will avoid that risk in two ways:
Interspersing wet and dry waste in alternate layers.
Periodically airing our compost dough.
Recipe for preparing homemade compost
There are many recipes or different ways of composting or preparing homemade compost, but the one we propose below is one of the simplest, so the whole family can enjoy this rewarding experience.
The data has been extracted for the most part from the Composting Manual published by the Ministry of the Environment and Rural and Marine Affairs of the Government of Spain, a very interesting document that will serve to complement the information that we summarize below.
There are three basic steps to prepare a quality homemade compost: prepare the composter, add the organic waste in layers and, finally, hydrate your organic fertilizer well.
Step 1. Prepare the composter
As we said before, the composter is simply the box or container in which we will be adding the different layers of waste that will form our homemade compost.
You can really use and recycle almost anything: a wooden box, a base of planks of work, a pot or a large planter that you no longer use any container will serve you as long as it is not in direct contact with the ground.
In this way, if you use a pot or a plastic box, make a few holes in the base and place the first layer of soil and the second layer of dry materials such as straw, remains of pruning branches, sawdust, etc.
These first dry coats will prevent your composter’s bottom from rotting and spoiling the mix.
Step 2. Add organic waste
Something that you have to be very clear and transmit to the boys and girls of the house is that the composter is not a garbage can, but a container that will later serve to enrich the soil in our urban garden or the plants in our pots.
In this container we will add different products or waste in layers, such as peeling vegetables and fruits, twigs and dry leaves from the hedges or plants that we have pruned, coffee grounds, eggshells, etc.
Experts recommend that we intersperse layers of different wet or green and dry products, thus achieving the optimal balance that a quality homemade compost needs.
Step 3. Water the homemade compost
Our homemade organic fertilizer needs a certain degree of humidity to be able to form that artisan fertilizer that will enrich our organic crops.
Thus, it is necessary that we water it from time to time without watering the container, but trying to get the moisture to penetrate the different layers that we have been adding to our compost box.
If you just want to buy some compost for your vegetable this is what we recommend.
Here are the details of their products
Miracle-Gro Garden Soil for Vegetables and Herbs
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