The Sansevieria Trifasciata is a species of Sansevieria, native from western tropical Africa to Nigeria and east of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Other names that this plant receives are Snake Plant, Mother-in-Law Plant.
This plant is not only decorative, original and perfect to combine with other plants for its particular morphology.
But it is also very easy to care for.
It is a plant of the gardens with long and vertical leaves in the form of a rod or sword.
It belongs to the Agavaceae family and has aromatic white flowers.
It blooms between June to October.
Sansevieria Trifasciata is one of the most resistant indoor and outdoor plants that exist.
Its leaves are flat, concave, thick and hard, which can reach from 30 cm to 1 m in length.
They are dark green and the edges are longitudinally covered by yellow lists and their flowers are white-greenish, not very attractive and with a good aroma.
This plant is a true beauty to have as an ornament both inside and outside your home. If you follow the simple tips to take care of the plant, and I assure you that your plant will look great.
Tips to take care of the Sansevieria Trifasciata “Sanke Plant”
Sansevieria is not very demanding in terms of the substrate, it does not need a substrate that is too specific, nor large amounts of soil, but a container suitable for its size and the length of its leaves.
Ideally, use a pot with a good bottom, and above all, with good drainage.
To grow the Sansevieria trifasciata outdoors you just have to take into account that it is not a plant that requires a lot of sunlight.
For this reason, the plant can grow without any problem in the shade.
But for the plant to grow stronger, it must receive a few hours of direct sunlight a day.
To water the Sansevieria Trifasciata “Snake Plant” you just have to keep in mind that this plant stores water in its tissues, so it should be irrigated from time to time, with enough time.
It is a plant that fears excessive moisture, and for this, you can use the system to wait for the substrate to dry completely between irrigation and irrigation.
In case the leaves turn yellow, you should only reduce watering.
And in winter reduce as much as possible the irrigation of the plant.
The ideal temperature for Sansevieria trifasciata is between 16ºC and 30ºC, but it is sensitive to temperatures below 14ºC.
For this reason, it resists summer well, but in winter it must be avoided that it is at a lower temperature.
Sansevieria Trifasciata “Snake Plant” does not require too much fertilizer, although it is okay to apply cactus fertilizer once a month, which will make the plant develop much stronger.
If it is observed that the leaves fall, they should be pruned.
The plant contains saponins that are slightly toxic to pets, cats, and dogs and if consumed, can cause gastrointestinal upset.
Plagues and diseases
Some of the diseases that have been detected in Sansevieria are the following: Dusty mildew (fungus), Rot of the neck by a bacterium (bacteria), Gloeosporium sansevieria fungus and Fusarium moiniforme fungus.
To fight diseases in Sansevieria Trifasciata “snake plant” you can, in the case of fungi, you can remove affected leaves and apply fungicides.
In the case of bacterial diseases, it uses bactericides.
And do not forget to avoid favorable conditions favorable to pathogens, such as excess water.
Reproduction by division: this is the easiest way to spread.
Only the rhizome (it is a large mass under the ground, from where the leaves grow) should be cut with a knife, with a few leaves.
You can also use the buds that appear next to the base, to plant them in a new pot.
Make sure that the removed section has at least one healthy leaf that grows from the rhizome.
Allow it to dry for a day, then plant again in well-drained soil.
Wait to water the new plant until several days after planting it.
The only disadvantage of Sansevieria Trifasciata is that it cannot be propagated by cuttings, since, if it is propagated in this way, the new plant will grow without the yellowish color that characterizes it.
Water propagation: Using sharp and sterile scissors, remove a healthy blade from the main floor and place it in a tall container.
Fill a bowl with enough water to cover the sheet several inches. Then place the container in indirect light.
Something very important is that you must change the water in the container for several days.
Something very important about Sansevieria trifasciata is that it converts CO2 into oxygen at night, purifying the air while you sleep.
And not only that, but studies show that this simple, but the beautiful plant can eliminate formaldehyde, benzene and other chemicals from the air.
And that apart is an ideal ornament plant in your home or office.