Faucaria Tigrina “Tigers Jaw Succulent”

Within the Aizoaceae family, there is a small group of succulents (+/- 28 species) including the genus Faucaria tigrina “Tigers Jaw Succulent” originating in the southern region of the African continent. 

This group of plants is extremely popular among succulent plant collectors because of the beauty of its forms and flowering. 

At present, numerous hybrids are offered because the species cross easily with natural form; This has made it very difficult to find type species (pure species can currently cost almost double or more compared to a hybrid given the low availability in the market).

They are characterized mainly by forming small compact rosettes with very succulent, opposite leaves, with or without tubers in the beam, with the presence of whitish or green spots, cylindrical to triangular and with conspicuously serrated margins (some varieties do not have a very obvious dentition ). 

The shape of the leaves with the teething of the edges is very similar to an open mouth and that is why these plants are popularly known as jaws of a tiger or other animal.

The flowers are diurnal and open in the center of the rosettes. They are large compared to the size of the rosettes, arise solitary or in pairs and are bright yellow.

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Tips to take care of the Faucaria Tigrina “Tigers Jaw Succulent

Illumination

They prefer to grow exposed to the sun in the early hours of the morning and late in the afternoon. 

Half shade during noon.

 In temperate climates where solar radiation is not very intense it can be grown in full sun throughout the day. 

It does not tolerate to grow in the shade since it is susceptible to rot, it will be etiolated and will not bloom.

Temperatures

It is recommended that they develop in cool to hot climates where temperatures do not frequently exceed 38 ° C and never decrease from 8 ° C (optimum range 18-30 ° C). 

In temperate climates, it is necessary to protect them in greenhouses during the winter while the plant is dormant.

Substratum

They grow very well in substrates for crass and cactus that frequently offer in nurseries. 

A mixture based on 1/3 coarse sand and 2/3 disinfected universal substrate can be made. 

The drain must always be perfect.

They can be fertilized in summer with mineral fertilizer for succulent plants every 15 days.

Watering

They are extremely susceptible to excessive irrigation causing fatal rot. 

It is recommended to water them twice a month in warm seasons and once a month during winter. 

If the winter is very cold it is recommended to suspend the irrigation until the temperatures rise a little.

Plagues and diseases

Frequently attacked by mealybugs and aphids that lodge on the surface of the leaves feeding on the sap of these. 

They must be removed manually or with specific products. 

The main pathology that these plants suffer is the radical system necrosis due to excess moisture in the substrate, fungi and / or high relative humidity.

Propagation

Very simple from the separation of rosettes that form on the sides of the mother plant or by leaves. Also by seeds.